Trigeminal neuralgia is a painful neurological condition that affects the trigeminal nerve, causing sudden and severe facial pain. The pain is often described as sharp, stabbing, or electric shock-like, and it can be triggered by everyday activities such as eating, talking, or even a gentle touch to the face. Trigeminal neuralgia can significantly impact a person’s quality of life, making simple tasks a source of extreme discomfort. While the exact cause is not always clear, it is thought to be related to blood vessel pressure on the nerve or nerve damage. Treatment options include medications to manage pain, and in some cases, surgical procedures may be considered to relieve pressure on the nerve.